World Countries-Democratic Republic of Congo
Congo Photos  Congo Photos
Congo Photos  Congo Photos
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
Country Name Democratic Republic of the Congo
Capital Kinshasa
Currency Congolese franc
Religion Roman Catholic
Surface Area 2,345,410 sq km
Population 60,085,804
Nationality Congolese or Congo
Languages French (official)
Click to Enlarge the Map
Country Map

Geographical Information
Map Location Africa
Geographical Location 0° 00' North Latitude
25° 00' East Longitude
Surface Area 2,345,410 sq km
Climate Tropical; hot and humid in equatorial river basin; cooler and drier in southern highlands; cooler and wetter in eastern highlands; north of Equator - wet season April to October, dry season December to February; south of Equator - wet season November to March, dry season April to October
Natural Resources Cobalt, copper, niobium, tantalum, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower, timber
Political Information Top of Page
Country Name Democratic Republic of the Congo
Capital City Kinshasa
Government Type Dictatorship; presumably undergoing a transition to representative government
Administrative Divisions 10 provinces (provinces, singular - province) and 1 city* (ville); Bandundu, Bas-Congo, Equateur, Kasai-Occidental, Kasai-Oriental, Katanga, Kinshasa*, Maniema, Nord-Kivu, Orientale, Sud-Kivu
Independence Day 30 June 1960 (from Belgium)
Demographical Information Top of Page
Population 60,085,804 (July 2005 est.)
Nationality Congolese or Congo
Ethnic Groups Over 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
Religion Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs 10%
Languages French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Population Growth Rate 2.98% (2005 est.)
Economical Information Top of Page
Currency Congolese franc (CDF)
Industries Mining (diamonds, copper, zinc), mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement, commercial ship repair
Labor Force 14.51 million (1993 est.)
Labor Force by Sectors NA
Agriculture Products Coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, quinine, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, bananas, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products
Export Commodities Diamonds, copper, crude oil, coffee, cobalt
Export Partners Belgium 42.5%, Finland 17.8%, Zimbabwe 12.2%, US 9.2%, China 6.5% (2004)
Import Commodities Foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels
Import Partners South Africa 18.5%, Belgium 15.6%, France 10.9%, US 6.2%, Germany 5.9%, Kenya 4.9% (2004)
Transportation Top of Page
Railways 5,138 km
Highways 157,000 km (including 30 km of expressways)
Pipelines Gas 54 km; oil 71 km (2004)
Airports 230 (2004 est.)
Ports and Harbors Banana, Boma, Bukavu, Bumba, Goma, Kalemie, Kindu, Kinshasa, Kisangani, Matadi, Mbandaka
Communication Top of Page
Phone Code +243
Internet Abbreviation .cd
Other Top of Page
Short History Since 1997, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DROC; formerly called Zaire) has been rent by ethnic strife and civil war, touched off by a massive inflow in 1994 of refugees from the fighting in Rwanda and Burundi. The government of former president MOBUTU Sese Seko was toppled by a rebellion led by Laurent KABILA in May 1997; his regime was subsequently challenged by a Rwanda- and Uganda-backed rebellion in August 1998. Troops from Zimbabwe, Angola, Namibia, Chad, and Sudan intervened to support the Kinshasa regime. A cease-fire was signed on 10 July 1999 by the DROC, Zimbabwe, Angola, Uganda, Namibia, Rwanda, and Congolese armed rebel groups, but sporadic fighting continued. KABILA was assassinated on 16 January 2001 and his son Joseph KABILA was named head of state ten days later. In October 2002, the new president was successful in negotiating the withdrawal of occupying Rwandan forces from eastern Congo; two months later, the Pretoria Accord was signed by all remaining warring parties to end the fighting and set up a government of national unity. A transitional government was set up in July 2003; Joseph KABILA remains as president and is joined by four vice presidents from the former government, former rebel camps, and the political opposition.